MONGOLIAN ART COLLECTIONS

Mongolian Ethnographica of the Austrian Collector Hans Leder in European Museums 

One of the most extensive collections of Mongolian ethnographica in Europe goes back to the Austrian traveller and researcher Hans Leder (1843–1921). The collection is unique as it represents a snapshot of religious everyday culture in northern Mongolia at the turn of the 19th century. This part of Mongolian culture was increasingly repressed and mostly destroyed in the late 1930s. Objects were destroyed or had lost their purpose due to the fact that the complex ritual life had been prohibited. In the course of this project, the various parts of the collection, divided to several ethnographic museums in Europe are recorded and analysed.
Field research intends to contrast the locations and monasteries described by the collector with their present state and to record audiovisual documentations and interviews regarding the history of sacred objects and locations.

The project is supported by the programme forMuse – research at museums/BMWF
www.formuse.at

Dr. Maria-Katharina Lang (Project director)
Institute for Social Anthropology (ISA), Austrian Academy of Sciences (AAS) in cooperation with Weltmuseum Wien (WMW/ the former Museum für Völkerkunde Wien)

Crown of sculls
Mongolia
19th century
Weltmuseum Wien
© KHM mit MVK und ÖTM