ARTEFACTS

White Tshangs pa ?

  • / Lxačen Cambagaraw
  • Lhačen Čangbaγarbo
  • Lha chen Tshangs pa dkar po
  •  
  • Thangka
  • 19th century
  • Pigment on cotton
  • Height: 47 cm / Width: 35,5 cm / Depth: not filled
  • Collection: Hans Leder, Inv. Nr.: 3574
  • Grassi Museum für Völkerkunde zu Leipzig
  • © Grassi Museum für Völkerkunde zu Leipzig/ ÖAW
  •  
"The shamanic deity Dayan Deerkh (Mong. Dayan Degereki, Khal. Dayan/Dayin Dērx, Khal. Darkhad Xān bogd Dayan Dērx “King, Holy Dayan Deerkh”, Bur. Dayan Dērxe, Tib. Lha chen Ta yan te re ke) is represented in his most usual form printed on a piece of cotton (cf. also Heidelberg 033702). This type of representation is widespread throughout Mongolia. Dayan Deerkh is worshipped for the several roles of the deity: he is not only a spirit playing an important role in shamanic initiation, but also a fertility and protector spirit, a mountain deity and a warrior god. As shamanic spirit he was represented as a stone figure, but after being canonised by Buddhism as a Dharma-protector deity, he became the member of the Buddhist pantheon and is represented as a warrior god. In all of his images Dayan Deerkh is depicted as an equestrian warrior god. On his head he is endowed with his most distinctive attribute, the shamanic feather crown (Khal. Darkhad orgoi) around a helmet (Mong. duγulγ-a, Khal. dūlga) with a vajra-like ornament in the middle. A golden halo frames his crowned head. The deity’s face is depicted similarly to other warrior gods with moustache and beard. In his right he holds a [white] flag (Mong. čaγan darčuγ, Khal. cagān darcag, Skr. dhvaja)
White Tshangs pa ?
/ Mongolia / 19th century / Grassi Museum für Völkerkunde zu Leipzig / © Grassi Museum für Völkerkunde zu Leipzig/ ÖAW

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