ARTEFACTS

Jebtsundamba Khutukhtu incarnations

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  • Khal kha rje btsun dam pa sku phreng
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  • Thangka
  • 19th century
  • Pigment on cotton
  • Height: not filled / Width: 102 cm / Depth: 53 cm /
  • Collection: Hans Leder, Inv. Nr.: 11264
  • Grassi Museum für Völkerkunde zu Leipzig
  • © Grassi Museum für Völkerkunde zu Leipzig/ ÖAW
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This coloured print probably shows the previous lives of the 3rd Jebtsundamba Khutukhtu Yeshe tenpé nyima (Tib. Ye shes bstan pa’i nyi ma, 1758-1773) who is depicted in the middle sitting on a magnificent throne. The two-armed Chakrasamvara with his consort resides directly above him. The previous incarnations are assembled around him, starting on the left side of top level and then following to the right side of the same level. Similarly, the next incarnation is found on the level below to the left side and then to the right. This pattern applies to the whole painting. The former incarnations of Zanabazar are: (1) the Indian pandit *Jvalapati (’Bar ba’i gtso bo), (2) the Indian Mahasiddha Krishnacarin (Tib. Spyod pa’i rdo rje, Nag po spyod pa), (3) the Indian yogi *Ratnabahula (Ratna chen po), (4) Rongzom Chökyi zangpo (Rong zom Chos kyi bzang po, 1042-1136), (5) Barompa Darma wangchuk (’Ba’ rom pa Dar ma dbang phyug, 1127-1199/1200), (6) Özerpel (’Od zer dpal), (7) Zhang Drukdra gyemtsen (Zhang ’Brug sgra rgyal mtshan), (8) Nyö gyelwa lhanangpa Sangyé rinchen (Gnyos rgyal ba Lha nang pa Sangs rgyas rin chen, 1164-1224), (9) Nartang künkhyen Sanghabhadra (Snar thang kun mkhyen Sanghabhadra), (10) Jamyang chöjé Trashi penden (’Jam dbyangs chos rje Bkra shis dpal ldan, 1379-1449), (11) the Ceylonese pandit *Saddharmaditya (Chos kyi nyin byed), (12) Jonang jetsün Künga drömchok (Jo nang rje btsun Kun dga’ grol mchog, 1507-1565/1566), (13) the Indian prince *Ramagopala (Dga’ byed sa skyong) and (14) jetsün Taranatha (rje btsun Taranatha, 1575-1634). Then probably follows (15) the 1st Jebtsundamba Khutukhtu Lozang tenpé gyeltsen (Tib. Blo bzang bstan pa’i rgyal mtshan, 1635-1723), also known as Zanabazar, who is depicted in the lower right corner, and (16) the 2nd Jebtsundamba Khutukhtu Lozang tenpé drönmé (Tib. Blo bzang bstan pa’i sgron me, 1724-1757) in the middle of the bottom row.
© Olaf Czaja
Jebtsundamba Khutukhtu incarnations
/ Mongolia / 19th century / Grassi Museum für Völkerkunde zu Leipzig / © Grassi Museum für Völkerkunde zu Leipzig/ ÖAW

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