ARTEFACTS

Pancharaksha

  • Банзрагч / Banzragč
  • Banǰaraγča
  • bSrung ba lnga, gZungs grwa lnga
  • Paňcarakṣā
  •  
  • Thangka
  • 19th century
  • Cotton
  • Height: 38 (26) cm / Width: 30 (22) cm / Depth: not filled
  • Collection: Leder/ Umlauff, Inv. Nr.: 33633
  • Völkerkundemuseum vPST Heidelberg
  • © Völkerkundemuseum vPST Heidelberg/ ÖAW
  •  
The Five Protectresses (Skt. Pancharaksha, Tib. Bsrung ba lnga) are associated with specific dharanis that protect from various danger, such as robbers, wild animals, diseases, demons, sins, defilements and so on. Numerous amulets were printed with their dharanis. The yellow female deity Mahapratisara is their chief goddess. The iconographic features of her and her fellow goddesses can partly vary significantly. On this painting, the principal face of Mahapratisara is yellow, her right one is red, her left white and her back face is blue. In her eight hands, she holds a wheel, a sword, a trident and an arrow (right hands) and a snare, a vajra, an axe and a bow (left). She is accompanied by the green Mahamayuri (upper right), the white Mahasahasrapramardani (upper left), the blue Mahasitavati (lower right) and the red Mantranusarini (lower left). In the upper register of this print, one can recognize three high dignitaries of the Geluk school.
© Olaf Czaja
Pancharaksha
/ Mongolia / 19th century / © Völkerkundemuseum vPST Heidelberg/ ÖAW

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