Makaravaktra (Tsam figure)

  • Матар тэргүүт (эх) / Matar tergüüt (ex)
  • Matar terigütü (eke)
  • Chu srin gdong can mo
  • Makaravaktrā
  • Tsam figure
  • begin 20th century
  • Wood
  • Height: not filled / Width: not filled / Depth: not filled
  • Collection: Hans Leder, Inv. Nr.: 74712
  • Weltmuseum Wien
  • © KHM mit MVK und ÖTM
Several small wooden figures depicting expressively characters of the Tsam dance ceremony (T. ´cham), one of the most important Buddhist festivities, form an extraordinary group within the Leder collections. Twelve figures are housed in the Weltmuseum Wien (the former Museum für Völkerkunde Wien).This figure represents Makaravaktrā . According to Pozdneev’s (1978: 502–520) observations of the Tsam, Makaravaktrā (the Makara-headed) appears together with Siṁhavaktrā (the Lion-headed) as a main companion of the goddess Śrīdevī/ Lhamo after her dance. In her right hand she usually holds a sword, in the left a snake. This figure is represented holding a snake in each hand (cf. Lang 2013: 69, Nebesky-Wojkovitz 1976: 60f., Pozdneyev 1978: 515).
© M.-K. Lang
Makaravaktra (Tsam figure)
/ Mongolia / begin 20th century / Weltmuseum Wien / © KHM mit MVK und ÖTM